13 de julio de 2014

VERBOS IRREGULARES EN INGLÉS (PRESENTE, PASADO, PASADO PARTICIPIO Y PRONUNCIACIÓN)

Tomado de: http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/irregular-verbs
Present
Past
P. Participle
Traducción
 
abide
(abáid)
abode
(abóud)
abiden
(abíden)
sufrir, soportar, cumplir
 
arise
(aráis)
arose
(aróus)
arisen
(arísen)
levantarse, surgir
 
awake
(awéik)
awoke
(awóuk)
awoken
(awóuken)
despertarse, despertar
 
bear
(béar)
bore
(bor)
born
(born)
aguantar, soportar, parir
 
beat
(bíit)
beat
(bíit)
beaten
(bíiten)
golpear, derrotar, batir
 
become
(bikám)
became
(bikéim)
become
(bikám)
convertirse en, llegar a ser, volverse, ponerse
 
begin
(biguín)
began
(bigáan)
begun
(bigán)
empezar
 
bend
(bend)
bent
(bent)
bent
(bent)
doblar, torcer, inclinarse
 
bet
(bet)
bet
(bet)
bet
(bet)
apostar
 
bid
(bid)
bid
(bid)
bid
(bid)
ofrecer, pujar, licitar
 
bind
(báind)
bound
(báund)
bound
(báund)
atar, unir, encuadernar
 
bite
(báit)
bit
(bit)
bitten
(bíten)
morder, picar
 
bleed
(blíid)
bled
(bled)
bled
(bled)
sangrar
 
blow
(blóu)
blew
(blú)
blown
(blown)
soplar
 
break
(bréik)
broke
(bróuk)
broken
(bróuken)
romper
 
breed
(bríid)
bred
(bred)
bred
(bred)
criar, engendrar
 
bring
(bring)
brought
(brot)
brought
(brot)
traer
 
broadcast
(brodkást)
broadcast*
(brodkást)
broadcast*
(brodkást)
transmitir
 
build
(bild)
built
(bilt)
built
(bilt)
construir
 
burn
(bern)
burnt*
(bernt)
burnt*
(bernt)
quemar
 
burst
(berst)
burst
(berst)
burst
(berst)
explotar, reventar
 
buy
(bái)
bought
(bot)
bought
(bot)
comprar
 
cast
(kast)
cast
(kast)
cast
(kast)
lanzar, echar, emitir
 
catch
(kach)
caught
(kot)
caught
(kot)
atrapar, asir, tomar
 
choose
(chúus)
chose
(chóus)
chosen
(chóusen)
elegir
 
clap
(klap)
clapt*
(klapt)
clapt*
(klapt)
aplaudir
 
cling
(kling)
clung
(klang)
clung
(klang)
agarrarse, adherirse, aferrarse
 
clothe
(klóud)
clad*
(klad)
clad*
(klad)
vestir, revestir, cubrir
 
come
(kam)
came
(kéim)
come
(kam)
venir
 
cost
(kost)
cost
(kost)
cost
(kost)
costar
 
creep
(kríip)
crept
(krept)
crept
(krept)
gatear, arrastrarse
 
cut
(kat)
cut
(kat)
cut
(kat)
cortar
 
deal
(díil)
dealt
(delt)
dealt
(delt)
tratar con, repartir, dar
 
dig
(dig)
dug
(dag)
dug
(dag)
cavar
 
dive
(dáiv)
dove*
(dóuv)
dived
(dáivt)
zambullirse, sumergirse, bucear
 
do
(du)
did
(did)
done
(dan)
hacer
 
draw
(dróo)
drew
(dru)
drawn
(dróon)
dibujar, extraer, sacar
 
dream
(dríim)
dreamt*
(dremt)
dreamt*
(dremt)
soñar
 
drink
(drink)
drank
(draank)
drunk
(drank)
beber
 
drive
(dráiv)
drove
(dróuv)
driven
(dríven)
conducir, ir en coche, llevar en coche
 
 
dwell
(duél)
dwelt
(duélt)
dwelt
(duélt)
habitar, morar
 
eat
(íit)
ate
(éit)
eaten
(íiten)
comer
 
fall
(fol)
fell
(fel)
fallen
(fólen)
caer, caerse
 
feed
(fíid)
fed
(fed)
fed
(fed)
alimentar/se, dar de comer
 
feel
(fíil)
felt
(felt)
felt
(felt)
sentir/se, palpar, tocar
 
fight
(fáit)
fought
(fot)
fought
(fot)
pelear, combatir
 
find
(fáund)
found
(fáund)
found
(fáund)
encontrar
 
fit
(fit)
fit*
(fit)
fit*
(fit)
encajar, quedar bien, instalar
 
flee
(flíi)
fled
(fled)
fled
(fled)
huir, huir de
 
fling
(fling)
flung
(flang)
flung
(flang)
echar, arrojar
 
fly
(flái)
flew
(flu)
flown
(flóun)
volar
 
forbid
(forbíd)
forbade
(forbéid)
forbidden
(forbíden)
prohibir
 
forecast
(forkást)
forecast*
(forkást)
forecast*
(forkást)
pronosticar, preveer
 
foresee
(forsíi)
foresaw
(forsó)
foreseen
(forsíin)
preveer
 
foretell
(fortél)
foretold
(fortóuld)
foretold
(fortóuld)
predecir
 
forget
(forguét)
forgot
(forgót)
forgotten
(forgóten)
olvidar
 
forgive
(forguív)
forgave
(forguéiv)
forgiven
(forguíven)
perdonar
 
forsake
(forséik)
forsook
(forsúuk)
forsaken
(forséiken)
abandonar, desamparar
 
freeze
(fríiss)
froze
(fróuss)
frozen
(fróussen)
congelar
 
get
(get)
got
(got)
got/gotten
(goten)
conseguir, recibir, ponerse, llegar
 
give
(guív)
gave
(guéiv)
given
(guíven)
dar
 
go
(góu)
went
(went)
gone
(góon)
ir
 
grind
(gráind)
ground
(gráund)
ground
(gráund)
moler
 
grow
(gróu)
grew
(gru)
grown
(gróun)
crecer, cultivar
 
handwrite
(jand-ráit)
handwrote
(jand-róut)
handwritten
(jand-ríten)
escribir a mano
 
hang
(jáang)
hung
(jang)
hung
(jang)
colgar
 
have
(jáav)
had
(jáad)
had
(jáad)
tener
 
hear
(jíier)
heard
(jerd)
heard
(jerd)
oír
 
hide
(jáid)
hid
(jid)
hidden
(jíden)
esconder/se
 
hit
(jit)
hit
(jit)
hit
(jit)
golpear, pegar
 
hold
(jóuld)
held
(jeld)
held
(jeld)
sostener, celebrar, esperar
 
hurt
(jert)
hurt
(jert)
hurt
(jert)
herir, lastimar, doler
 
inlay
(inléi)
inlaid
(inléid)
inlaid
(inléid)
incrustar
 
input
(ínput)
input*
(ínput)
input*
(ínput)
entrar, introducir
 
keep
(kíip)
kept
(kept)
kept
(kept)
mantener, guardar, continuar, criar
 
kneel
(níil)
knelt*
(nelt)
knelt*
(nelt)
arrodillarse, estar de rodillas
 
knit
(nit)
knit*
(nit)
knit*
(nit)
tejer, tricotar
 
know
(nóu)
knew
(niú)
known
(nóun)
saber, conocer
 
lay
(léi)
laid
(léid)
laid
(léid)
poner, colocar
 
lead
(líid)
led
(led)
led
(led)
guiar, llevar, conducir
 
lean
(líin)
leant*
(lent)
leant*
(lent)
apoyarse, inclinarse
 
leap
(líip)
leapt*
(lept)
leapt*
(lept)
saltar
 
learn
(lern)
learnt*
(lernt)
learnt*
(lernt)
aprender, enterarse
 
leave
(líiv)
left
(left)
left
(left)
irse, dejar, marcharse
 
lend
(lend)
lent
(lent)
lent
(lent)
prestar
 
let
(let)
let
(let)
let
(let)
dejar, permitir
 
lie
(lái)
lay
(léi)
lain
(léin)
yacer, echarse, quedar
 
light
(láit)
lit*
(lit)
lit*
(lit)
encender
 
lose
(lúus)
lost
(lost)
lost
(lost)
perder
 
make
(méik)
made
(méid)
made
(méid)
Hacer
 
mean
(míin)
meant
(ment)
meant
(ment)
significar, querer decir, tener la intención de
 
meet
(míit)
met
(met)
met
(met)
encontrarse con, conocer
 
melt
(melt)
melted
(mélted)
molten*
(móulten)
derretir
 
mislead
(mislíid)
misled
(misléd)
misled
(misléd)
engañar, despistar, llevar por mal camino
 
mistake
(mistéik)
mistook
(mistúuk)
mistaken
(mistéiken)
confundir, interpretar mal
 
misunderstand
(misanderstánd)
misunderstood
(misanderstúud)
misunderstood
(misanderstúud)
entender mal
 
mow
(móu)
mowed
(móud)
mown
(móun)
segar, cortar
 
overhear
(ouverjíier)
overheard
(ouverjérd)
overheard
(ouverjérd)
oír por casualidad, oír sin intención de ello
 
overtake
(ouvertéik)
overtook
(ouvertúuk)
overtaken
(ouvertéiken)
sobrepasar
 
pay
(péi)
paid
(péid)
paid
(péid)
Pagar
 
prove
(prúuv)
proved
(prúuvt)
proven*
(prúuven)
probar, resultar
 
put
(put)
put
(put)
put
(put)
poner
 
quit
(kuít)
quit
(kuít)
quit
(kuít)
abandonar, rendirse, dejar
 
read
(ríiid)
read
(red)
read
(red)
leer
 
rid
(rid)
rid*
(rid)
rid*
(rid)
librar, desembarazar
 
ride
(ráid)
rode
(róud)
ridden
(ríden)
andar en, pasear en, montar
 
ring
(ring)
rang
(raang)
rung
(rang)
sonar, llamar por teléfono
 
rise
(ráis)
rose
(róus)
risen
(rísen)
levantarse, subir
 
run
(ran)
ran
(raan)
run
(ran)
correr
 
saw
(so)
sawed
(sod)
sawn*
(sóon)
serrar, serruchar
 
say
(séi)
said
(sed)
said
(sed)
decir
 
see
(síi)
saw
(so)
seen
(síin)
ver
 
seek
(síik)
sought
(sot)
sought
(sot)
buscar
 
sell
(sel)
sold
(sóuld)
sold
(sóuld)
vender
 
send
(send)
sent
(sent)
sent
(sent)
enviar
 
set
(set)
set
(set)
set
(set)
poner, ambientar
 
sew
(sóu)
sewed
(sóud)
sewn*
(sóun)
coser
 
shake
(shéik)
shook
(shúuk)
shaken
(shéiken)
sacudir, agitar, hacer temblar
 
shave
(shéiv)
shaved
(shéivt)
shaven*
(shéiven)
afeitarse, rasurar
 
shear
(shíir)
shore*
(shor)
shorn*
(shorn)
esquilar, cortar
 
shed
(shed)
shed
(shed)
shed
(shed)
derramar, mudar, echar
 
shine
(sháin)
shone
(shóun)
shone
(shóun)
brillar, lustrar
 
shoot
(shúut)
shot
(shot)
shot
(shot)
disparar, matar a tiros
 
show
(shóu)
showed
(shóud)
shown
(shóun)
mostrar, exhibir
 
shrink
(shrink)
shrank
(shraank)
shrunk
(shrank)
encoger/se, reducir/se
 
shut
(shat)
shut
(shat)
shut
(shat)
cerrar
 
sing
(sing)
sang
(saang)
sung
(sang)
cantar
 
sink
(sink)
sank
(saank)
sunk
(sank)
hundir/se
 
sit
(sit)
sat
(sat)
sat
(sat)
sentar/se
 
slay
(sléi)
slew
(slúu)
slain
(sléin)
Matar
 
sleep
(slíip)
slept
(slept)
slept
(slept)
dormir
 
slide
(sláid)
slid
(slid)
slid
(slid)
deslizar/se, resbalarse
 
sling
(sling)
slung
(slang)
slung
(slang)
tirar, arrojar
 
slink
(slink)
slunk
(slank)
slunk
(slank)
moverse sigilosamente, escabullirse
 
slit
(slit)
slit
(slit)
slit
(slit)
rajar, cortar
 
smell
(smel)
smelt*
(smelt)
smelt*
(smelt)
oler
 
sneak
(sníik)
snuck*
(snak)
snuck*
(snak)
entrar/salir/poner a hurtadillas
 
sow
(sóu)
sowed
(sóud)
sown
(sóun)
sembrar
 
speak
(spíik)
spoke
(spóuk)
spoken
(spóuken)
hablar
 
speed
(spíid)
sped*
(sped)
sped*
(sped)
acelerar, ir a toda velocidad
 
spell
(spél)
spelt*
(spélt)
spelt*
(spélt)
deletrear
 
spend
(spend)
spent
(spent)
spent
(spent)
gastar, pasar
 
spill
(spil)
spilt*
(spilt)
spilt*
(spilt)
derramar, volcar
 
spin
(spin)
spun
(span)
spun
(span)
girar, dar vueltas, hilar, tejer
 
spit
(spit)
spat
(spat)
spat
(spat)
escupir
 
split
(split)
split
(split)
splite
(split)
partir, rajar, dividir
 
spoil
(spóil)
spoilt*
(spóilt)
spoilt*
(spóilt)
estropear, echar a perder, arruinar
 
spread
(spred)
spread
(spred)
spread
(spred)
extender, desplegar, esparcir
 
spring
(spring)
sprang
(spraang)
sprung
(sprang)
saltar
 
stand
(stáand)
stood
(stúud)
stood
(stúud)
estar de pie, pararse, soportar
 
steal
(stíil)
stole
(stóul)
stolen
(stóulen)
robar
 
stick
(stik)
stuck
(stak)
stuck
(stak)
pegar, clavar, atascarse, asomar
 
sting
(sting)
stung
(stang)
stung
(stang)
picar, arder
 
stink
(stink)
stank
(stáank)
stunk
(stank)
apestar, oler mal
 
stride
(stráid)
strode*
(stróud)
stridden
(stríden)
andar con pasos largos
 
strike
(stráik)
struck
(strak)
struck/stricken
(stríken)
golpear, dar
(la hora)
 
string
(string)
strung
(strang)
strung
(strang)
encordar, ensartar, atar
 
strive
(stráiv)
strove
(stróuv)
striven
(stríven)
luchar, esforzarse
 
swear
(suéer)
swore
(suóor)
sworn
(suóorn)
jurar, decir palabrotas, malcedir
 
sweat
(suét)
sweat*
(suét)
sweat*
(suét)
Sudar
 
sweep
(suíip)
swept*
(suépt)
swept*
(suépt)
barrer, azotar
 
swell
(suél)
swelled
(suéld)
swollen
(suólen)
hincharse, crecer, aumentar
 
swim
(suím)
swam
(suáam)
swum
(suám)
nadar
 
swing
(suíng)
swung
(suáng)
swung
(suáng)
balancear, mecer, colgar
 
take
(téik)
took
(túuk)
taken
(téiken)
tomar, llevar
 
teach
(tíich)
taught
(tot)
taught
(tot)
enseñar
 
tear
(téar)
tore
(tóor)
torn
(tóorn)
desgarrar, romper, arrancar
 
tell
(tel)
told
(tóuld)
told
(tóuld)
decir, contar
 
think
(zink)
thought
(zot)
thought
(zot)
pensar
 
thrive
(zráiv)
throve*
(zróuv)
thriven*
(zríven)
prosperar, crecer mucho, desarrollarse
 
throw
(zróu)
threw
(zrú)
thrown
(zróun)
tirar, arrojar
 
thrust
(zrast)
thrust
(zrast)
thrust
(zrast)
empujar con fuerza, clavar
 
tread
(tred)
trod
(trod)
trodden
(tróden)
pisar, andar
 
undergo
(andergóu)
underwent
(anderwént)
undergone
(anderwént)
sufrir, ser sometido a, recibir
 
understand
(anderstáand)
understood
(anderstúud)
understood
(anderstúud)
entender
 
undertake
(andertéik)
undertook
(andertúuk)
undertaken
(andertéiken)
emprender, acometer
 
upset
(apsét)
upset
(apsét)
upset
(apsét)
enfadar, trastornar
 
wake
(uéik)
woke
(uóuk)
woken
(uóuken)
despertar
 
wear
(uéer)
wore
(uóor)
worn
(uórn)
usar, vestir, gastar
 
weave
(uíiv)
wove
(uóuv)
woven
(uóuven)
Tejer
 
wed
(uéd)
wed*
(uéd)
wed*
(uéd)
casarse, contraer matrimonio
 
weep
(uíip)
wept
(uépt)
wept
(uépt)
llorar
 
wet
(wét)
wet*
(wét)
wet*
(wét)
mojar
 
win
(wín)
won
(wán)
won
(wán)
ganar
 
wind
(wáind)
wound
(wáund)
wound
(wáund)
dar cuerda, serpentear, envolver, enrollar
 
withdraw
(widróo)
withdrew
(widrú)
withdrawn
(widróon)
retirar, sacar
 
withhold
(widjóuld)
withheld
(widjéld)
withheld
(widjéld)
retener, ocultar, no revelar
 
withstand
(widstáand)
withstood
(widstúud)
withstood
(widstúud)
resistir, aguantar, oponerse
 
wring
(ring)
wrung
(rang)
wrung
(rang)
torcer, retorcer, estrujar, escurrir
 
write
(ráit)
wrote
(róut)
written
(ríten)
Escribir

 

* Se puede conjugar también como un verbo regular (terminación "ed")

 

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